Cardiovascular disease is the biggest cause of death in INDIA, with one person dying from it every ten minutes. The most prevalent cardiovascular diseases include coronary heart disease (e.g. heart attack).
Although heart attacks accounts for more death and disability than all cancers combined, there are no Screening guidelines for asymptomatic (subclinical) atherosclerosis, and there is no adequate awareness about methods for atherosclerosis screening.
Alarming statistics for India
- Current projections suggest that India will have the largest cardiovascular disease burden in the world.
- One fourth of the deaths in India are suffering from coronary heart disease. By the year 2020, it will account for one third of all deaths. Sadly, many of these Indians will be dying young.
- Heart disease in India occurs 10 to 15 years earlier than in the west.
- There are an estimated 45 million patients of coronary artery disease in India. An increasing number of young Indians are falling prey to coronary artery disease. With millions hooked to a roller-coaster lifestyle, the future looks even grimmer.
- There are at least 50.8 million diabetics in India, which is the highest ever reported number from anywhere in the world according to International Diabetes Federation.
- Indians tend to be diabetic at a relatively young age of 45 years which is about 10 years earlier than in West.
- There appears to be a steady increase in hypertension prevalence over the last 50 years, more in urban than in rural areas. Hypertension is 25-30% in urban and 10-15% in rural subjects.
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